Vipassana meditation is a meditation observation. It teaches you to be in the present moment, to live in the present moment. It teaches you to be aware of everything that is presented and happens to you. Only the present moment is important. And everything that happens in the present through the six gates of the senses – eyes, ears, nose, tongue, body and mind should be noted, attended, observed as an object of meditation time.
When you practice Vipassana meditation, making mental notes or just observing the different things that are presented, will achieve a high level of attention so you can see things as they really are. He perceived the true nature of mind and body, mental and physical phenomena that you are composed. “Real nature” means the nature of impermanence, the nature of suffering and the nature of insubstantiality or absence of a being or unchanging soul. It is important to see these three characteristics of phenomena so that it can acquire a correct conception of things, so you may have less attachment to the mind and body, and gradually to weaken the mental defilements that prevent enlightenment.
When you practice Vipassana meditation, choose an object where to focus your mind. This object is the “primary” object of meditation. Traditionally, breathing is used as an object. It keeps your mind focused on your breath and make mental notes “in-out-in-out” along with breathing. During the annotations of breath when your mind is lost or distracted, it takes notes of this too, as “thinking” or “hearing” or “distractions” or “emotions,” etc. And also takes notes of the sensations in your body. Thus, observe everything that is happening to him or what is presented through the six gates of the senses.
Keeping your mind on the object of meditation, you can develop concentration or unification of mind, which is necessary for the knowledge of penetration of the real nature of the mind and body occur. No concentration this can not happen. So what we first need is concentration. And to have concentration must first keep your mind focused on an object mind. If you can keep your mind focused on one and the same object mind for some time, you can get the necessary concentration. But you will discover at the outset that this is very difficult even for a short period. This is because you are dealing with the mind that is unwieldy and difficult to control. You can hold a wild bull tied with ropes but can not tie your mind with ropes. Therefore tie your mind to object observation or with full attention. At the beginning the attention will not be strong enough to bind the mind to an object and have many distractions that interfere with your meditation. But when distractions are presented, either through the eyes, ears, nose, etc., do not feel irritated or angry; just make them objects of meditation are also annotating them.
The beauty of Vipassana meditation lies in the fact that all things are objects of this meditation. Breathing is only the object “primary.” If no other object to notice, simply continue noticing your breathing; and if there are other objects, simply note them. Whether you keep your mind on breathing or other distractions, you are meditating well if you are aware of objects.
When you practice Vipassana meditation must have patience and perseverance. And do not be discouraged if at first you do not get concentration. All have is experience. And leave expectations and meditate. Just be in the present moment. And if these thoughts are presented despite the instructions, make them objects of meditation. This way you can effectively handle everything that is presented.